Download A to Z of Physicists (Notable Scientists) by Darryl J. Leiter PDF

By Darryl J. Leiter

One other vital survey within the amazing Scientists sequence, A to Z of Physicists focuses not just at the lives and personalities of these profiled, but additionally on their learn and contributions to the sphere. a desirable and significant section of this quantity is the eye paid to the hindrances that ladies and minority physicists have conquer to arrive their own targets. via incidents, quotations, and images, the entries painting anything of the human face that's frequently misplaced in books on technological know-how and scientists. A to Z of Physicists positive aspects one hundred fifty entries and 50 black-and-white images. Culturally inclusive and spanning the total diversity of physicists from precedent days to the current day, this is often an excellent source for college kids and basic readers drawn to the historical past of physics or the numerous elements of the non-public lives of significant physicists.

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His early work laid the foundation for nuclear physics and explained the dynamics of the energy of stars. During World War II, he headed the theoretical group 26 Bethe, Hans Albrecht at Los Alamos, New Mexico, that developed the atomic bomb. He later came to epitomize the socially responsible scientist, working tirelessly in the interests of nuclear disarmament. Hans Albrecht Bethe was born on July 2, 1906, in Strasbourg, Germany (now France), the son of a university professor. He studied at the University of Frankfurt for two years and then transferred to the University of Munich, where he worked under the eminent ARTHUR SOMMERFELD.

R. Tata, whose family 30 Bhabha, Homi Jehangir had pioneered projects in metallurgy, power generation, and science and engineering education in the early 20th century. In 1945, he became the first director of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Bombay, a post he held for the rest of his life. TIFR became the training ground for a team of experts for India’s atomic energy program. Since Bhabha was also an accomplished artist and architect, under his supervision not only did science prosper, but so did the edifice itself: aesthetically designed, it was surrounded by beautiful lawns and gardens, at Land’s End in Bombay, facing the Arabian Sea.

These achievements garnered him the 1948 Nobel Prize in physics. His discovery of the phenomenon of pair production of positrons and electrons in cosmic rays provided the first evidence of ALBERT EINSTEIN’s theory that mass and energy are equivalent. He was born on November 18, 1897, in Croydon, Surrey, the son of Arthur Stuart Blackett. He joined the Royal Navy in 1912 as a naval cadet. During World War I, he took part in the battles of the Falkland Islands and Jutland and designed a revolutionary new gunsight.

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