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By James Hole

During this Essay, first released in 1853, the Victorian social activist James gap bargains an impassioned defence of the single of the vital items of early Victorian social reformism, the mechanics' institutes. geared toward enhancing the schooling of working-class males, ladies and teenagers, the institutes provided simple literacy education in addition to higher-level lectures on technology, the humanities, and undefined. This quantity, initially a prize-winning essay, outlines Hole's plan for making improvements to the efficacy of the institutes, which he observed as failing of their venture of enlivening the minds of these whose basic labours have been actual. The institutes 'have demonstrated the fitting of the folks to culture', gap writes, yet they'd but, in his view, to instil it. an enormous paintings within the historical past of schooling, Hole's Essay offers revealing insights into social reformism and the complexities of sophistication politics in the circulate.

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Extra info for An Essay on the History and Management of Literary, Scientific, and Mechanics' Institutions: And Especially How Far They May Be Developed and Combined so as to Promote the Moral Well-Being and Industry of the Country (Collection - Printing and Publishing

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They provided instruction for females, and their success in this way is a great encouragement to a similar step now. But the strongest allurement to the operative class was the lowering of the subscription to less than one half of the 26 MECHANICS' INSTITUTES. 11 The success of this movement was at first great. In the three Lyceums established at Manchester in 1838, there were together nearly 3,000 members. In the same year the Mechanics' Institute had 1,161 members. The Lyceums and People's Institutes, however, soon declined, and most of them are now extinct.

A. THE HTJDDERSFIELB FEMALE INSTITUTE. 43 which imply knowledge — rather than taught how to acquire it — essays on literature and science, rather than classes to train up men to the realisation for themselves of the blessings of literature and science — ' they have played round the head' of the mechanic, and awakened a momentary flash across his brain, but they have ' come not near his heart,' nor lightened up in himself—in his mind a fire, that will supply him with constant warmth and light. " 44 MECHANICS' INSTITUTES.

There is an instruction which they should receive to fit them for the position of members of a civilised community, and there is an instruction specially adapted to their individual vocations. We shall offer a few remarks on each of these. MECHANICS' AETXSAN EDUCATION. 5 Some good people are apt to imagine that when we have furnished the mind with the instruments of knowledge, reading and writing, we are at the end of our task. They might just as well look upon a knife and fork as a dinner. " The same kind of mistake is made in the education of the superior ranks.

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