By Giorgio Samorini, Rob Montgomery
An Italian ethnobotanist explores the striking propensity of untamed animals to search out and use psychoactive elements.
• Throws out behaviorist theories that declare animals haven't any awareness.
• bargains a very new knowing of the function psychedelics play within the improvement of awareness in all species.
• finds drug use to be a average intuition.
From caffeine-dependent goats to nectar addicted ants, the animal country bargains awesome examples of untamed animals and bugs looking for and eating the psychoactive elements of their environments. writer Giorgio Samorini explores this little-known phenomenon and means that, faraway from being restricted to people, the need to event altered states of recognition is a normal force shared via all dwelling beings and that animals have interaction in those behaviors intentionally. Rejecting the Western cultural assumption that utilizing medicines is a unfavourable motion or the results of an disease, Samorini opens our eyes to the chance that beings who eat psychedelics--whether people or animals--contribute to the evolution in their species by means of developing completely new styles of habit that finally should be followed by way of different contributors of that species. The author's interesting debts of mushroom-loving reindeer, intoxicated birds, and drunken elephants make sure that readers won't ever view the animal international in really a similar method back.
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Additional resources for Animals and Psychedelics: The Natural World and the Instinct to Alter Consciousness
When the colony passes a cluster of Amanita muscaria, female adults feed on it greedily. Within the course of one or two hours, they abandon the column entirely, running about awkwardly and shaking their heads and hindquarters from side to side. Such behavior carries a certain cost for the herd as a whole, since mothers in their hallucinatory seizures temporarily abandon their young, leaving them unprotected, so that they often fall victim to wolves. Even the adult caribou, once isolated from their peers and made ungainly by their drugged condition, become frequent prey to the waiting wolves (Siegel 1989, 66–67).
Even the effects of drugs are influenced by the cultural environment in which they are experienced. For this reason it is extremely difficult to formulate a scientific and general definition of the concepts drug and drugged. It is also probable that some of these difficulties are reinforced by excessive generalization regarding the drug phenomenon; that is to say, many behavioral phenomena are forced together under this umbrella concept, when in reality they are sharply distinct from it. What a long road we have yet to walk before reaching an objective and scientific analysis of the drug phenomenon!
Siegel’s brilliant text Intoxication: Life in Pursuit of Artificial Paradise, published in the United States in 1989. Siegel has conducted research and observations of animals ingesting drugs both in the field and in the laboratory; in his book he has gathered a dense body of documentation on the subject, which I have referred to again and again in the course of my own work. 1 Crazed Cows One of the most well known and striking examples of addictive behavior—that is, of true drug addiction—in animals involves locoweed, also called crazy grass or crazy seeds.