Download Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States by Vjekoslav Perica PDF

By Vjekoslav Perica

Reporting from the heartland of Yugoslavia within the Seventies, Washington submit correspondent Dusko Doder defined "a panorama of Gothic spires, Islamic mosques, and Byzantine domes." 1 / 4 century later, this panorama lay in ruins. as well as claiming tens of millions of lives, the previous Yugoslavia's 4 wars ravaged over one thousand spiritual structures, many purposefully destroyed by means of Serbs, Albanians, and Croats alike, delivering an apt architectural metaphor for the region's fresh background. not often has the human impulse towards monocausality--the want for a unmarried explanation--been in better facts than in Western makes an attempt to make feel of the country's bloody dissolution. From Robert Kaplan's arguable Balkan Ghosts, which pointed out entrenched ethnic hatreds because the motive force at the back of Yugoslavia's loss of life to NATO's dogged pursuit and arrest of Slobodan Milosevic, the search for simple solutions has often served to vague the Balkans' complicated heritage. maybe such a lot strangely, no booklet has targeted explicitly at the function faith has performed within the conflicts that proceed to torment southeastern Europe. in keeping with a variety of South Slav resources and formerly unpublished, frequently exclusive files from communist nation data, in addition to at the author's personal on-the-ground adventure, Balkan Idols explores the political position and effect of Serbian Orthodox, Croatian Catholic, and Yugoslav Muslim non secular corporations over the process the final century. Vjekoslav Perica emphatically rejects the inspiration "clash of civilizations" has performed a crucial function in fomenting aggression. He reveals no compelling proof of an upsurge in spiritual fervor one of the common inhabitants. fairly, he concludes, the first non secular gamers within the conflicts were activist clergy. This activism, Perica argues, allowed the clergy to imagine political strength with out the responsibility confronted by means of democratically-elected officers. What emerges from Perica's account is a deeply nuanced figuring out of the heritage and way forward for one in every of Europes so much unstable areas.

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Additional info for Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States (Religion and Global Politics)

Sample text

There was also a quisling regime in Slovenia, led by the Catholic bishop Gregorij Rozˇman, and pro-Axis Bosnian Muslim and Kosovo Albanian groups. The foreign invaders and native nationalist factions carried out massive genocidal atrocities, bloody reprisals, torture, deportations, and executions of civilians. ” They would repeat it 50 years later. The Ustasˇas maintained several dozen concentration camps and large prisons. 21 Most of prisoners in these camps were Partisan fighters and members of their families, members of urban guerilla squads of the Communist Party and Communist Youth, and all who belonged to and/or supported the Partisans.

A large number of Orthodox priests in Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina supported the Cˇetniks, and some joined their military formations. The Serb Orthodox priest Momcˇilo Djujic´ became commander-in-chief (“duke”) of the Cˇetnik “Dynaric division,” which carried out ethnic cleansing of the Muslim and Catholic population in Croatia and Bosnia. Some Orthodox clergy in Croatia and Bosnia joined the Partisans or supported them because they defended ethnic Serbs from the Ustasˇas.

While clergy either remained passive or supported various factions, including the Partisans, leaders of religious organizations backed the nationalist factions directly or indirectly. The Serb Orthodox hierarchy, lacking two of its leading prelates (patriarch Gavrilo and Bishop Nikolaj Velimirovic´ were both sent into confinement by German military authorities in order to weaken national homogeneity of the Serbs), backed the quisling general Nedic´. A large number of Orthodox priests in Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina supported the Cˇetniks, and some joined their military formations.

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