By John Freely
This background of technological know-how at nighttime a long time files the achievements of lesser-known eu students, together with the monk Saint Bede, who successfully cleared the path for the discoveries of such luminaries as Galileo and Newton. Histories of contemporary technological know-how frequently commence with the heroic conflict among Galileo and the Catholic Church, which ignited the clinical Revolution and ended in the world-changing discoveries of Isaac Newton. nearly not anything is related in regards to the eu students who got here ahead of. actually, greater than a millennium prior to the Renaissance, a succession of students cleared the path for the discoveries for which Galileo, Newton, and others are usually credited. during this publication the writer examines the pioneering study of the 1st eu scientists, lots of them clergymen whose impression ranged a long way past the partitions of the monasteries the place they studied and wrote. one of many earliest of them, Saint Bede, writing 1000 years sooner than Galileo, was once so popular that centuries after his loss of life a Swiss monk wrote that "in the 6th day of the area [God] has made Bede upward push from the West as a brand new solar to light up the entire Earth." one other, an early Oxford student named Robert Grossteste, constructed the foundational ideas of the clinical technique that will convey Galileo Galilei around the world repute a number of centuries later. This ebook fills a spot within the background of technology, and areas the good discoveries of the age of their rightful context. Read more...
Read Online or Download Before Galileo : the birth of modern science in medieval Europe PDF
Best history & philosophy books
A primary cause of utilizing formal equipment within the philosophy of technological know-how is the desirability of getting a set body of reference that could be used to arrange the range of doctrines to hand. This book—Patrick Suppes's significant paintings, and the results of a number of a long time of research—examines how set-theoretical equipment offer this kind of framework, protecting problems with axiomatic procedure, illustration, invariance, likelihood, mechanics, and language, together with learn on brain-wave representations of phrases and sentences.
The Lord of Uraniborg is a entire biography of Tycho Brahe, father of contemporary astronomy, famed alchemist and littérateur of the sixteenth-century Danish Renaissance. Written in a full of life and interesting sort, Victor Thoren's biography deals attention-grabbing views on Tycho's lifestyles and provides replacement analyses of almost each element of his clinical paintings.
The nice biologist Louis Pasteur suppressed 'awkward' info since it did not help the case he used to be making. John Snow, the 'first epidemiologist' used to be doing not anything others had now not performed earlier than. Gregor Mendel, the intended 'founder of genetics' by no means grasped the elemental ideas of 'Mendelian' genetics.
Astronomical discovery includes greater than detecting anything formerly unseen. The reclassification of Pluto as a dwarf planet in 2006, and the talk it generated, exhibits that discovery is a fancy and ongoing procedure - one comprising a variety of levels of analysis, interpretation, and figuring out.
- Low Power Design Methodologies
- Nervous Conditions: Science And the Body Politic in Early Industrial Britain
- Osiris, Volume 12: Women, Gender, and Science: New Directions
- Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues
Extra info for Before Galileo : the birth of modern science in medieval Europe
270 BC), Philo of Byzantium (fl. 250 BC), and Hero of Alexandria (fl. AD 62). By far the greatest astronomer of antiquity was Hipparchus of Nicaea (c. 190–c. 120 BC), who flourished in the third quarter of the second century BC. Hipparchus is famous for his discovery of the precession of the equinoxes, that is, the slow movement of the celestial pole in a circle about the perpendicular to the ecliptic. The earth’s precession manifests itself as a gradual advance of the spring equinox along the ecliptic, thus causing a progressive change in the celestial longitude of the stars.
482–443 BC). While Empedocles agreed with Parmenides that there was a serious problem regarding the reliability of sense impressions, he felt that since our senses were the only direct contact with the world of nature, we could still make use of them through cautious evaluation of the information they provided. He tried to address the problem of change by saying that there is not one fundamental arche but four—earth, water, air, and fire—which generate all the material substances in nature by mixing together in various ways under the influences of forces he called Love and Strife.
The Alexandrine Library contained copies of all the works of Greek science from the Pre-Socratics through the great mathematical physicists and astronomers of the Hellenistic period. Socrates himself wrote nothing, but he taught Plato, who in turn taught Aristotle, who taught Theophrastus, and so on, starting the chain of teacher and student, which was broken by the collapse of classical civilization and the burning of the Library in Alexandria, with the loss of all of their works. But a number of the classics of Greek science and philosophy survived through a tenuous Ariadne’s thread that wound its way from Alexandria through the medieval Byzantine and Islamic worlds, involving, in the latter case, translations from Greek to Aramaic to Persian to Arabic, and then eventually into Latin.