By Ronald E. Shaw
All yet forgotten other than as part of nostalgic lore, American canals in the course of the first half the 19th century supplied a transportation community that was once very important to the improvement of the recent state. They diminished transportation expenses, carried an unlimited grain exchange from western farms to jap ports, added Pennsylvania coal to big apple, and carried hundreds of thousands of passengers at what appeared easy pace. alongside their classes sprang up new cities and towns and with them new financial development.
Canals for a state brings jointly in a single quantity a survey of all of the significant American canals. listed below are debts of leading edge engineering, of close to heroic figures who dedicated their lives to canals, and of canal tasks that triumphed over all of the uncertainties of the political procedure.
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Extra resources for Canals for a Nation: The Canal Era in the United States, 1790-1860
But by 1821 tolls were set at $ 15 a boat, most of which carried twenty-five tons of cargo, or 120 bales of cotton, at about half the cost of land carriage. 41 Unlike most canals of the time, steam towboats were used on the Santee. In 1822 the Charleston and Columbia Steam Boat Company operated a fleet of towboats through the canal and on the upland rivers. 42 The state of South Carolina built or aided a series of short canals to improve the navigation of its upland river system. In 1787 the Company for Opening the Navigation of the Catawba and Wateree Rivers was chartered, and others were organized for improving the Broad River and connecting the Edisto and Ashley rivers, but each of these failed.
My earlier study of the Erie Canal led me to undertake a survey of the history of American canals, which would reflect the economic studies that have emphasized the role of government and mixed enterprise in canal building, as well as the more recent emphasis on canals and the preservation of republicanism in the new American nation. In this synthesis my approach is comparative, showing the transfer of European technology to America, the remarkable success of the Erie Canal, and the competition for trunk-line routes linking eastern cities to the transAppalachian West.
4/0973 subject : Canals--United States--History, Inland navigation--United States--History. Page iii Page v Canals for a Nation The Canal Era in the United States 1790-1860 Ronald E. Shaw Page vii Contents Preface ix 1. Pioneer Canals and Republican Improvements 1 2. Great Lakes to Atlantic: Canals of New York and New England 30 3. Mid-Atlantic Network: Pennsylvania and New Jersey 58 4. Chesapeake and Southern Canals 98 5. Canals of the Old Northwest 126 6. The Canal Network 160 7. The Canal Era in Politics and Economic Development 198 Notes 237 Bibliographical Essay 265 Index 274 Illustrations Follow Page 118 Page ix Preface The Canal Era was a major phase of America's nineteenth century transportation revolution.