Download Cells, tissues, and skin by Douglas B. Light PDF

By Douglas B. Light

Cells are the smallest devices in a position to maintaining lifestyles, and so they make up nearly each point of the human physique. From the strands of hair on the best of the top to the nails on palms and feet, each constitution of the human physique consists of cells. teams of cells shape tissues and organs, which permit the physique to operate as an geared up method. pores and skin, the body's greatest organ, kinds a water-proof barrier that offers security opposed to invading microorganisms and acts as a sensory and thermoregulatory constitution. "Cells, Tissues, and dermis" explores the houses of every of those parts in bodies.

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Extra resources for Cells, tissues, and skin

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5 on page 21). COMPONENTS OF THE CYTOPLASM The cytosol is a semitransparent, viscous (thick) fluid in which all the other cytoplasmic elements are suspended. It is mainly composed of water and has nutrients and other solutes dissolved in it. Inclusions are chemical substances that may or may not be present depending on the cell type. Most inclusions are stored nutrients or cell products. q 6/21/03 1:04 PM Page 47 cells and glycogen granules in liver cells are both examples of inclusions that store energy.

Although the sizes of channel pores vary, they are typically on the order of nanometers in diameter. Channel pores also tend to be very selective as to what they will allow to pass through. Most channels are primarily permeable to a specific ion, such as to sodium, potassium, calcium, or chloride. Certain molecules, such as glucose, amino acids, and urea, are too polar to dissolve in the lipid bilayer and they also are too large to pass through channels. However, they do move rapidly through the plasma membrane.

Q 6/21/03 1:03 PM Page 40 40 CELLS, TISSUES, AND SKIN In some instances, water and solute particles are forced through membranes by hydrostatic pressure. This process is called filtration. The force for this movement usually comes from blood pressure, which is created largely by the pumping action of the heart. Like diffusion, filtration across a membrane is a passive process. However, in this case the driving force is a pressure gradient that actually pushes solute-containing fluid from the higher-pressure area to a lower-pressure area.

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