Download Chuck - Issue #4 by Peter Johnson, Zev Borow PDF

By Peter Johnson, Zev Borow

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Verbal Tone in Kuria

Within the contemporary prior, Bantu languages have performed asignificant position within the improvement of the idea anddescription of linguistic tone. easily placed, the Bantufamily has supplied a checking out floor for the theoriesof tone. This learn used to be stimulated via the actual fact thatalthough Bantu languages have made a tremendouscontribution within the quarter of tone, it's ironic thatthere remains to be shortage of data on a few Bantulanguages similar to Kuria.

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O - ko - sɛN - a/ a - im - escort - fv → oγo[sέέndá] “to escort unhurriedly” f. 2 Vowels Kuria has fourteen vowels, with seven contrasting qualities occurring in long and short pairs. 3: Long vowels front central back unrounded rounded high ii uu mid ee oo mid   low aa 15 Long vowels can be either phonemic or derived. An example of the phonemic status of vowel length is seen in the minimal pair in (2). (2) a. iki[βía] b. iki[βíía] “the little finger” “a plastic container” Vowels that are underlyingly long can occur in any non-final position of the word.

1 Dahl’s Law This is a process of consonant voicing dissimilation named after Edmund Dahl. Besides Kuria, this process has been attested in a number of Eastern Bantu languages such as Nyamwezi, Kikuyu, Luhya, Gusii, Embu, Kamba, and Tharaka (Bennett 1967). Synchronically, the state of Dahl‟s law varies in each of the languages stated above. In Kuria, this law applies across a morpheme boundary and it voices voiceless velar consonants before other voiceless consonants. The voicing dissimilation rule is formulated in (6).

To weed for” For a detailed discussion of vowel processes in Kuria, see Cammenga (2004). 5 Syllable Structure Kuria is a Bantu language with a predominantly CV syllable structure. This syllable is composed of an onset, which may be any consonant of the language, and a vowel. (26) Mandatory Imperative a. a] b. ka] c. ” The CV type syllable is also formed with prenasalized consonants. 1, Kuria has many consonants of this kind. These syllables are formed by a nasal-obstruent-vowel sequence. In the examples drawn from the Mandatory Imperative in (27), /-mba/, /-ŋga/, and /-nda/ are syllables with prenasalized consonants.

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