Download Church Militant: Bishop Kung and Catholic Resistance in by Paul P. Mariani PDF

By Paul P. Mariani

By 1952 the chinese language Communist occasion had suppressed all equipped resistance to its regime and stood unopposed, or so it's been believed. inner social gathering documents―declassified simply lengthy sufficient for historian Paul Mariani to ship copies out of China―disclose that one staff deemed an enemy of the kingdom held out after the others had fallen. a celebration file from Shanghai marked “top-secret” unearths a decided, frequently brave resistance by way of the neighborhood Catholic Church. Drawing on centuries of expertise in being affected by the chinese language specialists, the Church was once proving a obdurate fit for the party.

Mariani tells the tale of ways Bishop (later Cardinal) Ignatius Kung Pinmei, the Jesuits, and the Catholic adolescence resisted the regime’s punishing attack at the Shanghai Catholic neighborhood and refused to give up the pope and the Church in Rome. performing clandestinely, mirroring strategies utilized by the formerly underground CCP, Shanghai’s Catholics continued till 1955, whilst the celebration arrested Kung and 1,200 different top Catholics. The imprisoned believers have been later surprised to benefit that the betrayal had come from inside of their very own ranks.

Though the CCP couldn't remove the Catholic Church in China, it succeeded in dividing it. Mariani’s mystery heritage lines the origins of a deep break up within the chinese language Catholic group, the place kinfolk among the “Patriotic” and underground church buildings stay strained even today.

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Additional info for Church Militant: Bishop Kung and Catholic Resistance in Communist Shanghai

Sample text

They donated money to the church and supplied it with a large number of gifted religious personnel. It was these clans that had kept Catholicism alive in the region. ”61 In short, kinship was practiced and strategic. Employing these insights, my main point here is to show that the Shanghai Catholic clans practiced kinship in a way that was both thoroughly Chinese and thoroughly 17 C H U R C H M I L I TA N T Catholic. Naturally, there were also contested areas where the competing demands of traditional kinship practice had to be negotiated with the moral teachings of the Catholic Church.

He was a natural choice, having recently returned from doing underground security work in Hong Kong. ” He was cultured and urbane, and spoke fluent Shanghaiese. 16 The restructuring was thorough and highly secretive. Chen Geng, a security specialist, had previously worked underground in Shanghai. 17 The new regime also had many resources to rely on in its security work, for the French and English colonialists had left an ample prison network. Many of the police stations could hold up to one hundred prisoners each.

Some could not help but think that taxation was being used as a weapon against them. 38 Thus, for the time being, the church had no choice but to pay the high taxes, and to try to continue funding as much of its charitable activity as possible. Yet the fate of church property, in fact all private property, was even worse in rural areas, including those areas just outside of Shanghai. Here government policy did amount to outright confiscation. In fact, the “land reform” between 1949 and 1950 was brutal and violent.

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