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By Dina Zisserman-Brodsky

Dissident ethnic networks have been an important self reliant establishment within the Soviet Union. Voicing the discontent and resentment of the outer edge on the regulations of the guts or metropole, the dissident writings, referred to as samizdat highlighted anger at deprivations imposed within the political, cultural, social, and fiscal spheres. Ethnic dissident writings drew on values either inner to the Soviet procedure and overseas as resources of legitimation; they met a divided response between Russians, with a few privileging the cohesion of the Soviet Union and others sympathetic to the rhetoric of nationwide rights. This specialise in nationwide, instead of person rights, in addition to the appropriation of ethnonationalism by means of political elites, is helping clarify advancements because the fall of the Soviet Union, together with the superiority of authoritarian governments in newly self sustaining states of the previous Soviet Union.

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Extra info for Constructing Ethnopolitics in the Soviet Union: Samizdat, Deprivation and the Rise of Ethnic Nationalism

Example text

On the contrary, all manifestations of ethnic nationalism and efforts by republican leaders to achieve greater independence from the center were brutally repressed. In 1962, a group of young Ukrainian intellectuals was charged with high treason for writing Soviet Nationality Policy: Theory and Practice ● 27 a document that called on the Ukrainian people to realize their constitutional right to secede from the USSR. ” Among the many who were dismissed from their positions were a Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers and the Chairman of the Republican Trade Union Council in Latvia, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers in Kazakhstan, and the First Secretary of the Central Committee in Armenia.

Nevertheless, all deviations from the political line prescribed by the center were suppressed. Institutional domination was preserved by the Soviet regime until the repeal of Article Six of the Soviet Constitution19 and could be discerned to some degree until the breakup of the Soviet Union. Building the System of Ethnic Stratification Russian domination was essential to the system of ethnic stratification that was exploited to maintain effective control over the country. The Soviet federal model established different degrees of autonomy and respectively, non-equal rights for different federal units [union republics, autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts (regions), okrugs (districts)] providing legal grounds for ethnic stratification.

That could have been achieved only on the basis of mass education, which brought about the growing level of professional training and broadened the access to information. The wide stratum of intelligentsia that had emerged as a result of this process, not only served the operational needs of the technological modernization, but also adopted the new societal standards. In this respect, Khrushchev’s political–legal reforms might be considered an uncompleted attempt of synchronizing the elements of the modernization process.

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