By Gyanendra Pandey
In colonialist writing, "communalism" is an idea that stands for the puerile and the primitive--for all that colonialism itself, in its personal reckoning, was once now not. it truly is accordingly paradoxical that using this idea has been propagated, greater than someone else, via nationalists and competitors of colonialism. during this significantly new research of the matter of communalism in India, the writer hence has as a lot to assert approximately nationalism as approximately colonialism. He argues that either those thoughts are items of the Age of Colonialism, of cause, and of Capital. His research of communalism is a part of a bigger workout aimed toward knowing the development of Indian society and politics as a complete lately.
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It was 26 January 1788 when Captain (soon to be Governor) Arthur Phillip planted the British flag at Sydney Cove, establishing British sovereignty over much of the eastern Australian mainland. Today, 26 January is celebrated as Australia Day, a national holiday marking the birth of the nation. Among indigenous Australians, however, the day is known as Invasion Day or Survival Day, a day for mourning the lands, family members, and ways of life lost to European colonization, and a time to recognize the survival of native peoples in spite of the hardships they have faced since displacement by Europeans.
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