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By Zachary Lockman

Zachary Lockman's proficient and considerate heritage of ecu Orientalism and U.S. center East experiences, the 'clash of civilizations' debate and America's involvement within the sector has turn into a hugely steered and known textual content due to the fact its booklet in 2004. the second one variation of Professor Lockman's booklet brings his research modern by way of contemplating how the research of the center East has advanced within the intervening years, within the context of the U.S. profession of Iraq and the 'global struggle on terror'.

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Extra info for Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism, Second Edition (The Contemporary Middle East)

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12 The Saracens were thus depicted as a plague upon Christendom, spreading devastation wherever they went, but in principle no different from the other pagan peoples whom God had sent to scourge and test his In the beginning 25 faithful. As Southern put it, western chroniclers “knew virtually nothing of Islam as a religion. For them Islam was only one of a large number of enemies threatening Christendom from every direction, and they had no interest in distinguishing the primitive idolatries of Northmen, Slavs, and Magyars from the monotheism of Islam, or the Manichean heresy from that of Mahomet [which is how medieval Europeans usually rendered Muhammad’s name].

So while I will certainly be noting instances of prejudice, stereotyping and racism in scholarship on Islam and the Middle East, I will also be insisting that it is important to distinguish such attitudes from the interpretive frameworks which scholars use; these are, analytically at least, two different things, though they all too often coincide and can be hard to separate. I should also acknowledge at the outset that there have been, and continue to be, scholars of the Middle East and Islam (as well as scholars in other fields and disciplines) who reject the entire notion of a politics of knowledge and insist that their own scholarly impartiality, critical faculties and good judgment, along with the use of tried-and-true scholarly methods, allow them to produce knowledge that is not informed by any implicit or explicit theory, model or vision of the world but is simply and objectively true.

Two years later Richard W. , the tent-dwellers). Late Roman and early medieval Christian observers had regarded the Saracens/Arabs as a particularly rapacious bunch of pagans even before the emergence of Islam, and what was happening now seemed to confirm that view. Thus Fredegar, a Frankish chronicler writing in the 650s, told of the Saracens, “a circumcised people who . . had now grown so numerous that at last they took up arms and threw themselves upon the provinces of the [Byzantine] emperor Heraclius, who despatched an army to hold them .

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