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By Patrick J. Kelly

For tens of millions of Union veterans, Patrick Kelly argues, the Civil conflict by no means ended. Many Federal infantrymen back to civilian lifestyles combating the lifelong results of wrestle wounds or wartime sickness. seeking to the government for safeguard and scientific tips, war-disabled Union veterans came upon aid on the nationwide domestic for Disabled Volunteer squaddies. verified through Congress basically weeks sooner than the accomplice quit, this community of federal associations had assisted approximately 100,000 Union veterans through 1900. The nationwide house is the direct forebear of the Veterans management health center approach, at the present time the most important supplier of future health care within the usa.

Kelly areas the origins of the nationwide domestic in the political tradition of U.S. country formation. Creating a countrywide Home examines Congress's determination to construct a federal community of infantrymen' houses. Kelly explores the efforts of the Home's managers to glean help for this establishment by means of drawing upon the reassuring language of domesticity and "home." He additionally describes the way during which the creators of the nationwide houses used construction layout, landscaping, and tourism to combine every one department into the cultural and financial lifetime of surrounding groups, and to advertise a favorable photo of the U.S. kingdom.

Drawing upon numerous fields of yank history--political, cultural, welfare, gender--Creating a countrywide Home illustrates the lasting impression of warfare on U.S. country and society. The construction of the nationwide domestic marks the everlasting growth of social advantages provided to citizen-veterans. The production of the nationwide domestic without delay outlined an entitled workforce and ready the way in which for the later growth of either the welfare and the conflict states.

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Extra info for Creating a National Home: Building the Veterans' Welfare State, 1860-1900

Sample text

1 1 8 Offering an example of the great need for institutional care, the W . C . A . R . leaders related a telling incident: It was only a few days ago that a gentleman came into our rooms, saying that he had seen a soldier begging near by. The man was brought in. The fingers of his right hand had been blown off while in the service. " we asked. "Yes," he said, "eight dollars a month; but that will not support me. I am obliged to b e g . ' " " As subsequent events would illustrate, however, the point of this anecdote, that pensions often did not provide enough aid to allow an ex-soldier to live on his o w n , was lost on the Sanitary leadership.

In the USSC's network of soldiers' homes, establishments commonly administered and staffed by the female leadership of local soldiers' aid societies, women volunteers offered troops domestic amenities such as a hot meal, a bath, clean clothes, and a comfortable place to rest for the evening. Female benevolent workers also led the effort to create establishments for the long-term care of wardisabled veterans, and the popular rhetoric used to describe these establishments naturally fell within a domestic language.

Ducking this issue, the commissioners focused their attention on the immediate and, in many ways, less complicated needs of soldiers on active duty and allowed the subject of institutional care for disabled veterans to rest dormant. 40 f f THE LAW OF LOCAL SYMPATHY A Question of Money By the beginning of 1864, as the number of war-disabled soldiers returning to the homefront mounted, women's organizations affiliated with the Sanitary Commission became increasingly concerned and curious about the Commission's plans for the assistance of these men.

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