By Roger W. Shuy
This e-book via Roger W. Shuy, the senior determine in forensic linguistics, is the 1st to provide an explanation for in an available means the important function that linguistic facts and its right research play in legal investigations. Shuy presents compelling case experiences of ways language features in investigations related to, between others, stressed out undercover operatives, and the interrogation of suspects. He makes the purpose that language facts might be as vital as actual proof, yet but doesn't benefit from the related measure of scrutiny through investigators, lawyers, and the courts. past this, in spite of the fact that, his extra arguable thesis is that police often misuse or control language, utilizing a number of robust debatable options, with a view to deliberately create an effect of the targets' guilt or perhaps to get them to admit. This ebook makes its case through examining a dozen felony situations concerning numerous crimes, resembling fraud, bribery, stolen estate, homicide, and others. approximately part contain co-operating witnesses who do the tape recording, and the opposite part undercover cops. those situations exhibit how undercover operatives use various conversational recommendations, comparable to overlapping dialog, ambiguity, interruption, refusing to take "no" for a solution, and others to create a destructive influence of the objectives on later listeners. developing Language Crimes presents a desirable window right into a little-known and mentioned aspect of legislation enforcement. it is going to attract someone desirous about language (particularly sociolinguists and discourse analysts), in addition to to these inquisitive about legislation enforcement and felony situations.
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Extra info for Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language
A large proportion of linguistic research on powerful and powerless language has produced lists of features that characterize a speaker’s lack of power. For example, the language of a less powerful speaker tends to employ more hedges, intensiﬁers, tag questions with rising intonation, hesitations, certain deictic phrases, and politeness forms (Lakoff 1973; O’Barr 1982; Ng and Bradac 1993). More powerful speakers are said to not use such forms as frequently, if at all. Although this ﬁnding may be accurate, it would seem that we might also identify some discrete language features that powerful speakers use other than the well-recognized power of the question asker.
16 L A N G U A G E C R I M E S , C O N V E R S AT I O N A L S T R AT E G I E S , A N D P O W E R Labov (2003) argues that much of narrative analysis starts with the assumption that “speakers transform reality by techniques more subtle and effective than lying” (74). Using the analysis of underlying event structure, Labov shows how a defendant at his trial in South Africa used one type of ambiguity to transform his account of the crucial events in order to minimize his own involvement in a series of murders.
PA R T I I Uses by Cooperating Witnesses This section describes actual criminal law cases in which cooperating witnesses wore the microphone in undercover operations. The focus is on the conversational power strategies of blocking by interrupting and overlapping, using ambiguity, not taking “no” for an answer, scripting the target by requesting directives and apologies, lying about crucial information that the targets would need in order to decide whether or not to continue, withholding information from the target that is provided to another participant, and contaminating the taped record with information that has nothing to do with the target or the case, but which makes the target appear to be guilty.