By Carla Gardina Pestana
among 1640 and 1660, England, Scotland, and eire confronted civil battle, invasion, spiritual radicalism, parliamentary rule, and the recovery of the monarchy. Carla Gardina Pestana bargains a sweeping historical past that systematically connects those cataclysmic occasions and the improvement of the newborn plantations from Newfoundland to Surinam.
by way of 1660, the English Atlantic emerged as religiously polarized, economically interconnected, socially exploitative, and ideologically fearful approximately its liberties. conflict elevated either the share of unfree employees and ethnic variety within the settlements. missed through London, the colonies quick built alternate networks, particularly from seafaring New England, and entered the slave alternate. Barbadian planters specifically moved decisively towards slavery as their most popular exertions approach, major the best way towards its adoption somewhere else. while through the 1650s the governing professionals attempted to impose their imaginative and prescient of an built-in empire, the colonists claimed the rights of ''freeborn English men,'' creating a bid for liberties that had huge, immense implications for the increase in either involuntary servitude and slavery. adjustments at domestic politicized faith within the Atlantic international and brought witchcraft prosecutions.
Pestana provides a compelling case for rethinking our assumptions approximately empire and colonialism and gives a useful examine the construction of the English Atlantic international.